Police said they received reports that a man, armed with a rifle, was throwing “incendiary devices” at the Northwest Detention Center early on Saturday.
He was later identified as Willem Van Spronsen, who was reportedly involved in an earlier protest at the centre.
The shooting came a day before a major deportation operation was due to begin.
The raids by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officials will target hundreds of illegal immigrant families across 10 cities who have recently been ordered deported but have not yet left the country. It marks the latest move in US President Donald Trump’s crackdown on migration.
Sunday’s raids are not expected to affect Tacoma.
A police spokesperson told Reuters the incident on Saturday took place several hours after a peaceful rally outside the Washington state facility protesting against immigrant detentions.
In a statement, the Tacoma Police Department said the four police officers involved in the shooting had been placed on administrative leave, as is standard procedure in such cases, and an investigation into the incident was underway.
Police arrived at the privately run Northwest Detention Center at about 04:00 local time (11:00 GMT) after receiving reports that a man was throwing “incendiary devices” at the facility and at vehicles in the car park, the statement said. The man allegedly set a vehicle on fire and attempted to ignite a propane tank and set buildings on fire.
Officers said he was wearing a satchel and carrying flares.
Tacoma Police Department confirmed that all four officers opened fire on the suspect, while it remains unclear if he fired at the officers.
He was found shot dead at the scene. A police official said it could not yet be confirmed who was responsible for his death.
Pierce County Medical Examiner’s Office identified Van Spronsen, a man in his late 60s, on Saturday night, according to local media reports.
He was reportedly accused of assaulting a police officer during a protest at the same centre last year.
Court documents cited by local media outlets said he wrapped his arms around the officer’s neck and shoulders, as the officer was trying to detain another protester. After handcuffing him, police found that he had a collapsible baton and folding knife in his pocket.
A friend of Van Spronsen described him to the Seattle Times newspaper as an anarchist and anti-fascist. She said she believes he planned to provoke a fatal conflict with his actions on Saturday.
“I think this was a suicide. But then he was able to kind of do it in a way that spoke to his political beliefs,” she said.
Northwest Detention Centre holds migrants pending deportation proceedings and has also held immigration-seeking parents separated from their children, the Associated Press reports.
GEO Group, which runs the facility, told the Associated Press that “baseless accusations” about how detainees are treated there “have led to misplaced aggression and a dangerous environment for our employees, whose safety is our top priority”.
What is President Trump’s policy on migration?
President Donald Trump has always taken a hard line on immigration and during his election campaign made the building of a wall along the Mexican border a key pledge.
Earlier this year he declared a national emergency on the US southern border, claiming he needed special powers to build the wall to halt all illegal migration.
Controversial policies implemented by his administration in recent years include prosecuting adults who crossed the border illegally, resulting in children being separated from their parents.
Where do these people come from?
Traditionally large numbers of Mexican economic migrants have declined, replaced in part by a surge in families with children from Central American countries – particularly Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.
Why are they fleeing?
Many of these families are fleeing extreme poverty or the risk of gang violence.
Why are there still separated children?
Although the separation of migrant families was officially halted in June 2018, the New York Times reported that 700 families had been separated in the year since via “loopholes” in the court order – when parents have a criminal conviction or a disease, or when it is an aunt, uncle, or sibling accompanying the child. Some parents may be children themselves.
How many people cross the border?
It is impossible to say how many people have crossed the border. As of last month, the US Border Patrol said it had made 593,507 “southwest border apprehensions” since October 2018.